Sentence structures

There is my journey through English sentences. Notes for later to write a proper entry on the blog.
I am going to try to show the richness, as yet, kind of formalisation of English sentences. Or - how to master your writing in English.

A simple sentence with an absolute phrase that can be added at the beginning or the end of the sentence.

'Weathers swallowed his toast, the knot of his Adam's apple moving down his throat.
Amanda's body was splayed out on her bed, the sheets beneath her sodden with blood.

A complex sentence with an absolute phrase.

Hi slid the file over to Denison, who pushed his plate to one side, the toast only half eaten.

In these examples, an absolute phrase starts with the noun phrase followed by a verbial - with a proper verb phrase it would be a clause. The absolute phrase adds the additional description, which could be omitted but, in fact, is crucial to understand the whole picture or the feelings behind the actions.

These kinds of phrases are also free modifiers that can be easily moved at the beginning or even in the middle of the sentence.

No, here we have a longer sentence with four clauses:

I mean, // introductory part - idiom used in the same way as 'well', or 'frankly speaking,
I've been at Coldhill for three years now, // independent clause
so // coordinating conjunction
I've done a lot of forensic work, // independent clause
but //  coordinating conjunction
you are only the third officer // independent clause
who's ever asked me to help with an unknown suspect.  //  dependent clause (adjectival clause or relative clause)

As there are more than two independent clauses with at least one dependent clause, the whole structure is a compound-complex sentence.

How to vary sentences. Start with adjectives:
Interesting and educative, Mr Bruff's videos were hugely successful.

Start with -ing phrase:
Hoping that no-one recognised her, Lady Gaga did her weekly ASDA shop.

End with -ing prhase:
Lady Gaga did her weekly ASDA shop, hoping that no-one recognised her.

Start with -ly phrase
Cheerfully, Mr Bruff dug the grave for his pet.

Slowly blowing out the candle, Mary repeated her secret wishes a few times.


Anonymous said…
Wow, I like your post, it is great! I am not a native speaker and I need such posts you improve my English. I also can share this one with readers as it is also very informative especially there is a lot of information about sentence structure.

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